© Richard Bessey 2004
Keel in pit
|We acquired Philomelle, a 35' Buchannan in December 2002. She was Dutch built
of steel in 1959, with teak decks and superstructure. The steel hull had lasted
well, thanks to a zinc coating, and an ultrasound survey found little evidence
of plate thinning. The decks were not so good, with planks lifting in places,
and several drips! After some TLC, we set off for the Baltic the following
summer, and to cut a long story short, ended up in Estonia where we
decided to lay her up for the winter. Although our 5-week voyage had been both
interesting and enjoyable, we had suffered somewhat from the decks on
the wetter passages, when spray forced its way between the old plywood and rusty
scuppers, soaking everything in sight! The problem is common enough - where wood
is fixed to steel, even a little moisture penetration causes rust, which expands
and forces the wood away from the steel, leading to more rust.
We checked into the Kalev Yacht Club near Tallinn, which the Baltic Pilot recommended for it's on-site shipwrights and facilities. Olev Roosma, the club Commodore, introduced us to woodwork and steel specialists and we discussed ideas for putting Philomelle's decks in order. Although many people in the Baltic states speak good English, much of our discussion consisted of sign language and sketching. The yard undertook to look after the boat until the following Summer, and we flew home to await a work proposal by email.
After a few weeks we had come to an agreement with Erik Margijev, who runs a stainless steel fabrication business and supplies marine fittings. The old teak and plywood was to be stripped away, and the existing steel structure would be overlaid with 2mm stainless steel wherever it was in contact with wood. New ply and teak would be laid to the original design. Existing galvanised fittings, including pushpit and pulpit, would be replaced with custom-made stainless.
|The first task was to strip away the old wood, grind and cut
away any rusty steel. In October I paid a brief visit to Erik's workshop to find
Philomelle's keel standing in a pit - which put the decks in reach of the floor.
Careful removal of teak which needed to be re-fitted later was painstaking work
- it took Erik's workers several days work to take the rubbing strake and rail
off! I took advantage of the indoor situation to work on some paint & varnish,
and some major re-wiring.
Parts of the upper hull and scupper were later cut away and new (stainless) steel fixed in place. After cleaning, the steel was painted with zinc-rich paint. Back at home I waited for news, and in January Erik emailed the first photos of progress. Work through the winter progressed slowly (it seemed) and I was impatient for news. Erik speaks little English (and regrettably I speak no Estonian or Russian). It was a frustrating time!
Stainless lining under cabin side
|The next set of photos were not quite what
I expected. Stainless steel scuppers were fabricated and fixed using rivets
The old scupper drains had a lip which kept a puddle permanently in the aft
section, which eventually caused extensive rust and unsightly runs down the
hull. The new larger drains protrude from the hull just below the rubbing strake. More stainless was fitted under the cabin and cockpit
sides. However the original specification (rough sketches and sign language) had
the new steel right across the deck, forming a damp-proof membrane. The
message had clearly not got through, but it was too late to do anything
about it. Progress was made, however, and in March Erik was nearly ready
for the Eix the carpenters to begin. I sent a second payment so Erik could buy in the
timber, and soon more pictures were appearing.
|18mm Okoume BS1088 ply was cut and laid overlapping the stainless
steel. At this point, the
cabin windows were removed to allow a piece to be routed out where the planks
joined (and leaked). A fillet of teak was epoxied into this join.
The first plank of the teak deck was laid in late April. The new pushpit also appeared on a photo at this time (to the usual Baltic design with a low step to allow stepping ashore over the bow). In early May I made another visit to Tallinn, spending a week in the workshop. The deck was mostly laid when I arrived, and Eix was trimming the surplus silkaflex and finishing with an orbital sander. I spent the week fitting a new wheel-pilot, replacing seals in the heads, new greaser for the rudder bearing, more wiring, cleaning, painting and varnishing. We agreed plans for the new stanchions, with a gate near the shrouds, and a swim ladder.
First teak laid
Back at home we planned our voyage home via Helsinki and Stockholm. The boat should soon be back in the water. The time went by and communication with Estonia went dead. In June I emailed the local Cruising Association representative who found that Erik's email was not working, and the boat was still in the workshop with lots of work to finish. A fortnight before our departure, Erik announced it would e a week late. I replied that I would have to reduce the agreed price for each day lost, but would pay extra if he finished on time.
Mon 12th July - not an auspicious start. I lost my wallet at
the airport, and missed my flight. I eventually arrived in Estonia 2 days
late, with no local currency and no plastic! Arrived at Kalev YC at Pirita
to find Philomelle swarming with carpenters and the cabin heaped with most
of our stuff, and everything covered in dust from the renovation work. The
new decks were looking beautiful, the bronzework polished to a shine, and
new stainless steel scuppers and stanchions looking splendid. The iron
fittings had been galvanised too, and the winch coated with epoxy paint.
No shoes please
Lessons learned? Having a written specification with proper drawings would have been a good plan. I also needed to keep in touch better, perhaps via the Cruising Association HLR or another agent who spoke good English. Are we pleased with the work? Well, the workmanship was mostly excellent and the materials good quality. The finish was very rushed though, resulting in some leaks, and I fear we'll never really be free of them. However the decks and cabin sides do look rather splendid.
As an epilogue, we had one more boatyard visit in Helsinki before we could continue our journey - on our sea trial we found that both depth transducers were defunct, and we had to have her hauled out to replace them. The boatyard of Keijo Saarinen on the island of Suomelina belongs to another age. A trolley runs on rails up a long incline from the water, and boats are hauled on wooden cradles across tree trunk rails on each side. We selected the largest available cradle for Philomelle, winched it onto the trolley, and let it down into the sea. I motored over the cradle, and Kiejo himself directed all operations, placing wedges. Philomelle emerged with a slight list, but secure, and I spent some happy hours cutting out the old transducers and fitting new ones, with a little help and loan of tools from the yard. We managed to finish and slip back into the water before the yard closed for the day.